In some Syriac documents he is called, in English translation, Simon Cephas. In the New Testamenthe is among the first of the disciples called during Jesus' ministry. Peter became the first listed apostle ordained by Jesus in the early church.
Until the Ascension of Christ Bethsaida St. Peter's true and original name was Simon, sometimes occurring in the form Symeon. He was the son of Jona Johannes and was born in Bethsaida John 1: The Apostle Andrew was his brother, and the Apostle Philip came from the same town. Capharnaum Simon settled in Capharnaumwhere he was living with his mother-in-law in his own house Matthew 8: Dindorf, II,had children.
The same writer relates the tradition that Peter's wife suffered martyrdom ibid. Simon pursued in Capharnaum the profitable occupation of fisherman in Lake Genesarethpossessing his own boat Luke 5: Peter meets Our Lord Like so many of his Jewish contemporaries, he was attracted by the Baptist's preaching of penance and was, with his brother Andrewamong John's associates in Bethania on the eastern bank of the Jordan.
When, after the High Council had sent envoys for the second time to the Baptistthe latter pointed to Jesus who was passing, saying, "Behold the Lamb of God ", Andrew and another disciple followed the Saviour to his residence and remained with Him one day. Later, meeting his brother Simon, Andrew said "We have found the Messias ", and brought him to Jesuswho, looking upon him, said: Already, at this first meeting, the Saviour foretold the change of Simon's name to Cephas Kephas; Aramaic Kipha, rockwhich is translated Petros Latin, Petrus a proof that Christ had already special views with regard to Simon.
Later, probably at the time of his definitive call to the Apostolate with the eleven other ApostlesJesus actually gave Simon the name of Cephas Petrusafter which he was usually called Peter, especially by Christ on the solemn occasion after Peter's profession of faith Matthew The Evangelists often combine the two names, while St.
Paul uses the name Cephas. Peter becomes a disciple After the first meeting Peter with the other early disciples remained with Jesus for some time, accompanying Him to Galilee Marriage at CanaJudaeaand Jerusalemand through Samaria back to Galilee John Here Peter resumed his occupation of fisherman for a short timebut soon received the definitive call of the Saviour to become one of His permanent disciples.
Peter and Andrew were engaged at their calling when Jesus met and addressed them: On the same occasion the sons of Zebedee were called Matthew 4: Thenceforth Peter remained always in the immediate neighbourhood of Our Lord.
After preaching the Sermon on the Mount and curing the son of the centurion in CapharnaumJesus came to Peter's house and cured his wife's mother, who was sick of a fever Matthew 8: Growing prominence among the Twelve Among the Twelve Peter soon became conspicuous.
Though of irresolute characterhe clings with the greatest fidelity, firmness of faithand inward love to the Saviour ; rash alike in word and act, he is full of zeal and enthusiasm, though momentarily easily accessible to external influences and intimidated by difficulties. The more prominent the Apostles become in the Evangelical narrativethe more conspicuous does Peter appear as the first among them.
In the list of the Twelve on the occasion of their solemn call to the Apostolate, not only does Peter stand always at their head, but the surname Petrus given him by Christ is especially emphasized Matthew Primus Simon qui dicitur Petrus. Simonem, quem cognominavit Petrum. When Christ's words are addressed to all the ApostlesPeter answers in their name e.
Frequently the Saviour turns specially to Peter Matthew Very characteristic is the expression of true fidelity to Jesuswhich Peter addressed to Him in the name of the other Apostles.
Christ Himself unmistakably accords Peter a special precedence and the first place among the Apostlesand designates him for such on various occasions.
Peter was one of the three Apostles with James and John who were with Christ on certain special occasions the raising of the daughter of Jairus from the dead Mark 5: On several occasions also Christ favoured him above all the others; He enters Peter's boat on Lake Genesareth to preach to the multitude on the shore Luke 5: Peter becomes head of the apostles In especially solemn fashion Christ accentuated Peter's precedence among the Apostleswhen, after Peter had recognized Him as the MessiasHe promised that he would be head of His flock.
Jesus was then dwelling with His Apostles in the vicinity of Caesarea Philippiengaged on His work of salvation. As Christ's coming agreed so little in power and glory with the expectations of the Messiasmany different views concerning Him were current.
While journeying along with His ApostlesJesus asks them: Jesus said to them:Ernest Robert "Ernie" Lekun.
Sources. A complete analysis and critique of the enormous literature on Chrysostom (from the sixteenth century to the twentieth) is given in BAUR, S. Jean Chrysostome et ses oeuvres dans l'histoire litt raire (Paris and Louvain, ), Ernest Robert "Ernie" Lekun. In loving memory of Ernest Lekun who died peacefully, surrounded by his family, on April 13th, Born October 13th, in Sudbury, Ernest was the son of John & Mary Lekun (nee Sushelnitski), both predeceased. Ultimately Peter established the first church in the ancient city of Antioch and became its first bishop. Later in Rome, he was sentenced by Nero to be crucified, a manner of .
In loving memory of Ernest Lekun who died peacefully, surrounded by his family, on April 13th, Born October 13th, in Sudbury, Ernest was the son of John & Mary Lekun (nee Sushelnitski), both predeceased. The Life And Work Of St. Augustine Words | 12 Pages.
Aurelius Augustinus, better known as St. Augustine of Hippo, was an African who is credited for being a founding father of church doctrine and innovator or pioneer of sorts, for Western Christianity. Every 29 June since , a statue of Saint Peter in St.
Peter's Basilica is adorned with papal tiara, ring of the fisherman, and papal vestments, as part of the celebration of the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul.
According to Catholic doctrine, the direct papal successor . Most of us know the story of Maria Goretti, and the martyrdom that led to her canonization. Hers is truly a story of Love and Mercy, and she is the Patroness of Chasity, Purity, and Youths. In , an eighteen-year-old neighbor, Alexander, grabbed her from her steps and tried to rape her.
Church History: Holy Apostle Philip of the Seventy, one of the 7 first deacons is not to be confused with Saint Philip one of the Twelve Apostles (November 14). This Philip was born in Palestine, was married and had children. Father Antonio Costantini was a devoted priest to his flock.
He was not so old a priest, but his health was badly failing, causing his parish work in Tombolo, Italy, to suffer neglect. In the fall of , a newly Continue reading →.