I shared my heart and soul and in return, they welcomed me, cared for me and helped me when I needed them most. I will be forever grateful. Can we do that?
Definition[ edit ] In neoclassical economics theory, labor market discrimination is defined as the different treatment of two equally qualified individuals on account of their genderrace agedisabilityreligionetc.
Discrimination is harmful since it affects the economic outcomes of equally productive workers directly and indirectly through feedback effects. Differences in outcomes such as earnings, job placement that cannot be attributed to worker qualifications are attributed to discriminatory treatment.
It is important to note that the process is as important as the outcomes. Civil Rights Act ofthe movement towards equality has slowed down after the mids, especially more in gender terms than racial terms.
Many studies find that qualification differences do not explain more than a portion of the earnings differences. The portion of the earnings gap that cannot be explained by qualifications is then attributed to discrimination.
One prominent formal procedure for identifying the explained and unexplained portions of the gender wage differentials or wage gap is the Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition procedure.
This approach has the advantage of studying economic outcomes of groups with very similar qualifications. However, it is difficult to determine the extent to which this is the result of racial discrimination.
Although the gap in earnings between men and women was very small immediately after graduation, it widened in 15 years to the point that women earned 60 percent of what men earned. Even after factoring in women's choice of working for fewer hours, and worker qualifications and other factors, such as grades in law school and detailed work history data, in men were ahead of women by 11 percent in their earnings, which might be attributed to discrimination.
Other studies on relatively homogeneous group of college graduates produced a similar unexplained gap, even for the highly educated women, such as Harvard MBAs in the United States.
One such study focused on gender wage differences in between the college graduates. The researchers took college major, GPA grade point average and the educational institution the graduates attended into consideration.
Yet, even after these factors were accounted for, there remained a percent pay gap based on gender. Another study based on a survey of all college graduates had similar results for black and white women regarding gender differences in earnings. However, the results of earnings were mixed for Hispanic and Asian women when their earnings were compared to white, non-Hispanic men.
A study looked at Harvard graduates. The results showed 30 percent of the wage gap was unexplained. Therefore, although not all of the unexplained gaps attribute to discrimination, the results of the studies signal gender discrimination, even if these women are highly educated.
Human capitalists argue that measurement and data problems contribute to this unexplained gap.PREAMBLE This syllabus is intended to provide a course in Sociology at A-Level, which fosters the development of an understanding of the diversity and complexity of.
Start studying Chapter Discrimination- Sociology. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Pager, Devah, and Hana Shepherd. “The Sociology of Discrimination: Racial Discrimination in Employment, Housing, Credit, and Consumer Markets”.
Annual. Discrimination is often divided into de facto discrimination and de jure discrimination. De facto (Latin for “concerning fact”) discrimination describes covert social practices while de jure (Latin for “concerning law” or “in law”) discrimination describes overt discrimination such as women not being allowed to vote or minorities not serving on juries.
Discrimination. While prejudice refers to biased thinking, discrimination consists of actions against a group of people. Discrimination can be based on age, religion, health, and other indicators; race-based discrimination and antidiscrimination laws strive to address this set of social problems.
Works Consulted. Abercrombie, Nicholas, Stephen Hill, and Bryan Turner. The Penguin Dictionary of Sociology. 5th ed. London: Penguin.. The American Heritage.