In some series, the protagonist starts his adventure by joining a group that's already been in business for a while before the events of the story. This is often to help the audience to relate to the hero more, as like in a Welcome Episodewe're meeting the main ensemble with him. Because the ensemble are already close to each other, but not the protagonist, expect him or her to receive a Chilly Reception. Contrast Team Prima Donna.
Within a week, we created this website and posted an initial, detailed critique of the analysis and conclusions of those reports.
Since then, independent critiques of the Wells and Exponent Reports have multiplied and scientists across the country who examined the PSI and weather data have concluded that science fully explains the PSI measurements found in the Wells Report.
We have posted a collection of those positions on this website and they remain available for review here. Many thoughtful people have, with further information and consideration, revised their initial impressions, which were largely based on false information leaked by League personnel and on the interpretations put on ambiguous, at best, facts by the League and its lawyers.
The League, however, in pursuing its legal strategies, has escalated its defense of the Wells Report and its conclusions, often at the expense of accuracy.
Many of the flaws in the Wells and Exponent Reports have been exposed. The detailed scientific critiques of the Exponent Report have been explored by experts.
But many of the dubious bases for the Wells Report remain unexplored. For these reasons, we post below our counsel Daniel L. We hope that it will induce added examination by those who are interested and allow them to reach their own conclusions regarding this matter and how the PSI of the footballs at the AFC Championship Game in January came to be under He did not ask the League to take any steps before the game to keep control of the game balls the next day or do anything else to ensure that the game balls would meet regulation.
Nor did the League consider the potential impact of weather on PSI, because the League was completely unaware of such impact. Unfortunately, the League drew conclusions about the reasons for those PSI levels without taking into account the effect of weather or the Ideal Gas Law, a scientific equation that explains that for every drop in temperature there will be a corresponding, and calculable, drop in PSI.
The data collected that night showed expected drops in PSI.
The leaked misinformation sparked a firestorm of speculation and a presumption of guilt that the Patriots and Tom Brady were forced to address.
The accurate data would not be revealed by the League until over 15 weeks later, on May 6,when the Wells Report was made public. Once these independent minds had a chance to review the true data — not the erroneous data leaked by the League at the outset — and match it up with science, the scientific explanation of the PSI of the footballs on Jan.
This PSI range has been in place for decades. It did not derive from any competitive concerns over air pressure. There has never been a study of whether football air pressure has any impact on game play or whether minor differences in PSI are even discernible to the touch. Rule 2 was apparently based on a recommendation by the manufacturer of the footballs, much like a tire manufacturer provides consumers with a suggested PSI for its tires.
In the history of the NFL, prior to January ofthe League never paid much attention to what happens to the PSI of footballs during a game, and the PSI of footballs was never measured during or after any game. Even if the footballs measure pre-game at the high end of the range at It is also a scientific fact that footballs that are gauged pre-game at the low end of the range, at He was not alone.
Apparently no game official or anyone at the League had any understanding about the impact of temperature changes on PSI.
Given the total lack of understanding about how temperature and weather impact the PSI in footballs, accusations of cheating by the Patriots were already being made by League officials during the second half of the AFC Championship Game.
Less than 24 hours later, this prejudgment of wrongdoing was officially adopted by the League. The League still had no understanding of the Ideal Gas Law when it sent this letter. Had the actual PSI halftime measurements been released in the days following the game, there would have been a quick scientific assessment and explanation of the situation.
The false information was allowed to fester, creating largely inalterable and inaccurate public perceptions of what happened. As mentioned above, since the release of the Wells Report, numerous independent scientists have studied the data.
See, for example, http: According to Exponent, if the 11 Patriots footballs were measured, on average, within the first two minutes of halftime, their PSI measurements were fully explained by the Ideal Gas Law. See Exponent Report at pp.
XIII, 54, and The Myths Myth 1: No records were kept of the timing of the halftime PSI measurements.High school, college, and professional football. Alright, so first off, there are three major tiers of football: high-school football, college football, and professional football (the National Football League).High schools draw players from their general student bodies.
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The answer is not necessarily clear. Indeed, despite being the most prevalent offense in the NFL, the WCO seems designed to overwhelm any college or . Introduction. It has been 10 months since the page Wells Report and the accompanying page Exponent Report were issued.
Within a week, we created this website and posted an initial, detailed critique of the analysis and conclusions of those reports. Titans aftermath Posted by Darren Urban on August 23, – pm Obviously, the storyline coming out of Monday night’s game is the quarterbacks.
It’s always the quarterbacks.