It was, moreover, determined that instead of imposing measures for the benefit of Ireland from outside, Irish leaders of opinion should themselves advise as to the best means of advancing local government and land legislation. Some beginnings had already been made in this direction. Retrieved December 18, from HighBeam Research: He introduced the bill in -- and it split the Liberal party; a block of about fifty M.
He felt that the way Britain ran Irish affairs was unfair and undemocratic. The most suitable way to solve this problem he thought was to make local government more democratic.
InIrish counties were run by unelected Grand Juries. Chamberlain wanted to replace them with county councils, elected by people who paid local taxes.
He presented this idea to Parnell who originally expressed an interest in the Central Board idea, but later announced that he would not consider it as an alternative to a proper Irish parliament. Balfour planned to use a two-pronged approach to deal with the plan: In it he claimed that most people in Ireland did not really want Home Rule, but that they did have real problems with land ownership, poverty and a lack of democracy in local government.
If the Westminster Government showed that it could solve their problems, the Irish would realise that they benefitted from the Union and would stop looking for independence. Steps had been taken by the Tory government to win Irish approval with the Ashbourne Land Act in which?
However, in Balfour began to put his own ideas into practice. He began with a major land act. However, this move proved to be unsuccessful as Landlords were paid in government bonds rather than Killing home rule with kindness and tenants were to fulfil complicated legal agreements when purchasing their farms.
In the s the London Stock Market performed so poorly that the land could not be sold for their full value. Many landlords decided to wait for better times before selling up.
The Act also entailed a second part. A new body called the Congested Districts Board was to be set up in order to aid the poorest tenant farmers whose farms were economically unviable. The Board was to increase the size of farms by buying up and redistributing underused land, and by resettling people from congested districts in areas where land was available.
Another aim was to improve farming techniques among the poor farmers and also to promote local industries to increase employment. The Board was allocated an annual budget of? The Board remained in existence until during which it redistributed 2 million acres among farmers to increase the size of their farms.
So overall, the Land Act proved to have both negative and positive elements.
InLord Salisbury called a general election by which time Balfour could viably claim victory for his constructive unionist policy in Ireland. The country was quiet. In1, violent crimes were reported; inonly were reported. In January4, persons were boycotted; in Januarynot one person was.
By then too, the Home Rule movement was weakened, but that was not due to the work of Balfour. The Conservative briefly lost power in but were re-elected in By this time, Balfour succeeded his uncle Lord Salisbury as Prime Minister and remained keenly involved with Irish developments.
The Conservatives continued the reforming policy Chamberlain had suggested.
Plunkett adopted ideas from Denmark where farmers solved a food crisis by forming co-operatives. The co-operatives set up shops to buy seed, fertiliser, etc. Plunkett wanted Irish farmers to imitate the Danes. In he founded a co-operative shop in Doneraile, Co. Cork, and a co-operative creamery in Drumcollogher, Co, Limerick.
The movement spread quickly, mostly in the dairy-farming areas.
It soon had 33 affiliated co-ops with a turnover of? It suggested reforms that were needed in Ireland. One reform proposed was the creation of the Department of Agriculture to.
In the Conservative government set it up, with Plunkett as its head. The Department worked to improve the quality of crops and livestock and to deal with animal and plant disease. Fishing and the planting of forests were also encouraged. Bythe Department had instructors travelling the country, telling farmers about new methods in agriculture, horticulture and poultry-keeping.
It had some success, but change came too slowly to have any impact. In a democratic system of local government was introduced to Ireland.
The Local Government Act set up elected county, district and urban councils.The Local Government (Ireland) Act The legislation was seen by the government as solving a number of problems: it softened demands for Home Rule from Nationalists, He soon made his mark when he clumsily summarised the Irish policy of the new government as "killing home rule with kindness".
Sep 02, · The problem is that, having a Home Rule Act that has already gone through repealed is a far more serious situation that having it be defeated in the. Free Essay: What was the background to the Conservative policy of ‘killing Home Rule with kindness’?
What measures did they introduce to achieve their aims?. Aug 22, · What repression? From everything we've read the Nationalists have been entirely submissive and compliant from (inexplicably) supporting a Liberal. What was the background to the Conservative policy of ‘killing Home Rule with kindness’?
What measures did they introduce to achieve their aims? By taking such an approach, Biagini not only acknowledges the lacunae in the existing historiography, but also attempts to present a narrative in which these extra-Parliamentary entities were part and parcel of a broader debate on imperialism, nationalism, and democracy.