How to Write a Briefing Note What is a briefing?
The corresponding author should indicate clearly whether his or her e-mail address can be published.
Corresponding author s is indicated with asterisk by name in author listing; the medical students should be corresponding author.
Short Title 50 character limit shorter title for headers Key Phrases — Relevant words or short phrases that aid search engines or indexes in finding your work use MeSH headings if possible. Use key phrases that are not present in the title.
Maximum of 6, e. Abstract and Body excluding abstract, illustrations, and references Table and Figure Count Source s of how to write a academic briefing report example in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these Conflict of Interest Statement Abstract Abstracts are the only substantive portion of the article indexed in many electronic databases, and the only portion many readers read.
Authors must be careful that they accurately reflect the content of the article in the abstract. This description should include: Context or background for the study Purpose, basic procedures, main findings, and principal conclusions Emphasis on new and important aspects of the study or observations No references, illustrations, or references to illustrations are allowed in the abstract The abstract should be structured with similar headings as in the main article e.
State the specific purpose or research objective tested by the study; the research objective is often more sharply focused when stated as a question. Both the main and secondary objectives should be clear, and any pre-specified subgroup analyses should be described.
Provide only directly pertinent references, and do not include data or conclusions from the work being reported. The methods section should include only information that was available at the time the plan or protocol for the study was being written; all information obtained during the study belongs in the results section.
The methods section is comprised of the following subheadings if applicable: Selection and Description of Participants Describe your selection of the observational or experimental participants clearly, including eligibility and exclusion criteria and a description of the source population.
Explain the use of variables such as gender and age when they are included in a study report—for example, authors should explain why only participants of certain ages were included or why women were excluded.
The guiding principle should be clarity about how and why a study was done in a particular way. Give references to established methods, including statistical methods, describe new or substantially modified methods, give the reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations.
Statistics Describe statistical methods with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results. Avoid relying solely on statistical hypothesis testing, such as p-values, which fail to convey important information about effect size, but include averages with confidence intervals if available, in addition to the p-values.
Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols. Specify the computer software used. Results Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations, giving the main or most important findings first.
Do not repeat all the data in the tables or illustrations in the text; emphasize or summarize only the most important observations. Extra or supplementary materials and technical detail can be placed in an appendix. Restrict tables and figures to those needed to explain the argument of the paper and to assess supporting data.
Discussion Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. For experimental studies, it is useful to begin the discussion by summarizing briefly the main findings, then explore possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings, compare and contrast the results with other relevant studies, state the limitations of the study, and explore the implications of the findings for future research and for clinical practice.
Because every experiment or project can always be improved, a healthy discussion of the limitations of the study should be included.
All manuscripts should include a brief discussion on the adequacy of the research methods to draw a valid conclusion. Authors should comment on changes that would improve the methods of the study or reasons why the methods are able to draw a strong conclusion.
The discussion of limitations should not be a separate heading or sub-heading in the actual manuscript, but should be a flowing part of the discussion section.
Please see the directions for formatting References. Should follow the same format as mentioned in the General Guidelines. Authors grant unrestricted copyright license to MSRJ while retaining full copyright to their works.
This means authors may distribute their work at their discretion, but may not alter the final product as published by MSRJ. Based on a work at http: Michigan State University logos used with permission.
Privacy Statement The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party. Disclosures Please view our disclosures available on the general guidelines here.The report brief may outline the purpose, audience and problem or issue that your report must address, together with any specific requirements for format or structure.
This guide offers a general introduction to report writing; be sure also to take account of specific instructions provided by your department.
When a brief written communication is necessary and can do the job for the reader. v For example, a weekly or monthly financial or production report can be handled by a Short Report. v Or, a proposal for a simple project or improvement on a process can be written up in a Short Report.
Guidelines – Brief Report. Explain the use of variables such as gender and age when they are included in a study report–for example, authors should explain why only participants of certain ages were included or why women were excluded. The guiding principle should be clarity about how and why a study was done in a particular way.
When you are asked to write a report you will usually be given a report brief which provides you with instructions and guidelines.
The report brief may outline the purpose, audience and problem or issue that your report must address, together with any specific requirements for format or structure.
Guidelines for Writing a Policy Brief | 1 Guidelines for Writing a Policy Brief “academic” because it pays more attention to the scholarly roots of particular arguments example, the argument provided must build on what they do know about the problem.
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