Students memorize lists of vocabulary and rules for grammar. Recall and memorization only require surface level thinking. If you are teaching ESL to children, teaching critical thinking is particularly important because it will serve them in their futures no matter what language they are speaking. The following are some ways to integrate critical thinking exercises into your ESL lessons while still meeting the language goals you set for your students.
Sign up or login to use the bookmarking feature. What are learning skills? These skills help students learn, and so they are vital to success in school and beyond.
Critical Thinking Critical thinking is focused, careful analysis of something to better understand it. Here are some of the main critical-thinking abilities: Analyzing is breaking something down into its parts, examining each part, and noting how the parts fit together.
Arguing is using a series of statements connected logically together, backed by evidence, to reach a conclusion. Classifying is identifying the types or groups of something, showing how each category is distinct from the others.
Comparing and contrasting is pointing out the similarities and differences between two or more subjects.
Defining is explaining the meaning of a term using denotation, connotation, example, etymology, synonyms, and antonyms. Describing is explaining the traits of something, such as size, shape, weight, color, use, origin, value, condition, location, and so on.
Evaluating is deciding on the worth of something by comparing it against an accepted standard of value. Explaining is telling what something is or how it works so that others can understand it.
Problem solving is analyzing the causes and effects of a problem and finding a way to stop the causes or the effects. Tracking cause and effect is determining why something is happening and what results from it.
Creative Thinking Creative thinking is expansive, open-ended invention and discovery of possibilities. Here are some of the more common creative thinking abilities: Brainstorming ideas involves asking a question and rapidly listing all answers, even those that are far-fetched, impractical, or impossible.
Creating something requires forming it by combining materials, perhaps according to a plan or perhaps based on the impulse of the moment. Designing something means finding the conjunction between form and function and shaping materials for a specific purpose.
Entertaining others involves telling stories, making jokes, singing songs, playing games, acting out parts, and making conversation. Imagining ideas involves reaching into the unknown and impossible, perhaps idly or with great focus, as Einstein did with his thought experiments. Improvising a solution involves using something in a novel way to solve a problem.
Overturning something means flipping it to get a new perspective, perhaps by redefining givens, reversing cause and effect, or looking at something in a brand new way.Critical thinking skills need to be addressed prior to the writing stage and should encompass skills of critical reading.
This means that students first learn how to take a critical stance in their reading and then apply this knowledge to their own writing.
Critical Thinking as Defined by the National Council forExcellence in Critical Thinking, A statement by Michael Scriven & Richard Paul, presented at the 8th Annual International Conference on Critical Thinking and Education Reform, Summer Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully.
Critical thinking means being able to make an argument for your beliefs or opinions. You can encourage your students to express logical and reasonable supports for their opinions during discussions and for writing assignments.
thinking, economic thinking, moral thinking and philosophical thinking (Foundation for critical thinking, ).
Critical thinking may be seen as having two components i) the skills . Disciplined Seeks the truth Self assessing Critical Thinking Self correcting Probing In red thinking mode, we actively work to eliminate prejudices, biases, dysfunctional thinking from our thinking.
We actively work on our thinking. In addition to teaching critical thinking skills in social studies, the authors advise teachers to help students synthesize reading material, agree or disagree with the author of .