Retrieved May 15, Billion A billion is equal to a thousand millions 1,, You can write the number in words or numbers:
Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors: For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e.
Note also that there is no period after the month. If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e. May, June, and July, the months are not abbreviated.
If the publication date is July 18,citation will be 18 July Where a newspaper title does not indicate the location of publication, add the city of publication between square brackets, e.
Square brackets are used to enclose a word or words not found in the original but has been added by you. An article in a scholarly journal is treated somewhat differently: The above citation shows: If the article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end.
Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and Ray Jayawardhana. Thomas, Cathy Booth, and Tim Padgett. Wolanski, Eric, et al. Suggested citation example from SIRS: Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. Example in MLA style: Put in square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited.
Globe and Mail [Toronto]. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated: Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an author: Your Canadian Financial Planning Software. Book, movie or film review: May use short forms: Edition, Editor, or EditedComp. Views from Within, comp.
Master of Dreams, by Diane Waldman.
A Place in the Sun. Encarta Reference Library. Encarta Reference Library Win Microsoft Game Studios, Toronto-Central West Edition, Computer service — e. Companies Even Get a Bonjour? Definition from a dictionary: When citing a definition from a dictionary, add the abbreviation Def.
Short forms may be used, e.The Purdue Writing Lab Purdue University students, faculty, and staff at our West Lafayette, IN campus may access this area for information on the award-winning Purdue Writing Lab. This area includes Writing Lab hours, services, and contact information.
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For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations, please see Section in the 6th edition of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers.. Abbreviations of Degrees. Note: When documenting sources using MLA style, the normal punctuation is omitted for degrees when used in parentheses, tables, works cited, footnotes, endnotes, etc.
Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles.
Now supports 7th edition of MLA. Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for.